Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a ten-digit alphanumeric number, issued in the form of a laminated card, by the Income Tax Department, to any "person" who applies for it or to whom the department allots the number without an application.
PAN enables the department to link all transactions of the "person" with the department. These transactions include tax payments, TDS/TCS credits, returns of income, specified transactions, correspondence, and so on. PAN, thus, acts as an identifier for the "person" with the tax department.
PAN was introduced to facilitates linking of various documents, including payment of taxes, assessment, tax demand, tax arrears etc. relating to an assessee, to facilitate easy retrieval of information and to facilitate matching of information relating to investment, raising of loans and other business activities of taxpayers collected through various sources, both internal as well as external, for detecting and combating tax evasion and widening of tax base.
A typical PAN is AFZPK7190K.
First three characters i.e. "AFZ" in the above PAN are alphabetic series running from
AAA to ZZZ
Fourth character of PAN i.e. "P" in the above PAN represents the status of the PAN holder. "P" stands for Individual, "F" stands for Firm, "C" stands for Company, "H" stands for HUF, "A" stands for AOP, "T" stands for TRUST etc.
Fifth character i.e. "K" in the above PAN represents first character of the PAN holder's last name/surname.
Next four characters i.e. "7190" in the above PAN are sequential number running from 0001 to 9999.
Last character i.e. "K" in the above PAN is an alphabetic check digit.
WHY IS IT NECESSARY TO HAVE PAN?
It is mandatory to quote PAN on return of income, all correspondence with any income tax authority. From 1 January 2005 it has become mandatory to quote PAN on challans for any payments due to Income Tax Department.
It is also compulsory to quote PAN in all documents pertaining to the following financial transactions:-
1) Sale or purchase of a motor vehicle or vehicle other than two wheeled vehicles.
2) Opening an account [other than a time-deposit referred at point No. 12 and a Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account] with a banking company or a co-operative bank
3) Making an application for issue of a credit or debit card.
4) Opening of a demat account with a depository, participant, custodian of securities or any other person with SEBI
5) Payment in cash of an amount exceeding Rs. 50,000 to a hotel or restaurant against bill at any one time.
6) Payment in cash of an amount exceeding Rs. 50,000 in connection with travel to any foreign country or payment for purchase of any foreign currency at any one time.
7) Payment of an amount exceeding Rs. 50,000 to a Mutual Fund for purchase of its units
8) Payment of an amount exceeding Rs. 50,000 to a company or an institution for acquiring debentures or bonds issued by it.
9) Payment of an amount exceeding Rs. 50,000 to the Reserve Bank of India for acquiring bonds issued by it.
10) Deposits of cash exceeding Rs. 50,000 during any one day with a banking company or a co-operative bank.
11) Payment in cash for an amount exceeding Rs. 50,000 during any one day for purchase of bank drafts or pay orders or banker's cheques from a banking company or a co-operative bank.
12) A time deposit of amount exceeding Rs. 50,000 or aggregating to more than Rs. 5 lakh during a financial year with -
(i) a banking company or a co-operative bank
(ii) a Post Office;
(iii) a Nidhi referred to in section 406 of the Companies Act, 2013 or
(iv) a non-banking financial company
13) Payment in cash or by way of a bank draft or pay order or banker's cheque of an amount aggregating to more than Rs. 50,000 in a financial year for one or more pre-paid payment instruments, as defined in the policy guidelines for issuance and operation of pre-paid payment instruments issued by Reserve Bank of India under section 18 of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 to a banking company or a co-operative bank or to any other company or institution.
14) Payment of an amount aggregating to more than Rs. 50,000 in a financial year as life insurance premium to an insurer
15) A contract for sale or purchase of securities (other than shares) for amount exceeding Rs. 1 lakh per transaction
16) Sale or purchase, by any person, of shares of a company not listed in a recognized stock exchange for amount exceeding Rs. 1 lakh per transaction.
17) Sale or purchase of any immovable property for an amount exceeding Rs. 10 lakh or valued by stamp valuation authority referred to in section 50C of the Act at an amount exceeding ten lakh rupees.
18) Sale or purchase of goods or services of any nature other than those specified above for an amount exceeding Rs. 2 lakh per transaction.
How to apply for PAN?
Income Tax Department has authorized UTI Infrastructure Technology and Services Limited (UTIITSL) and National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) to set-up and manages PAN Service Centers. UTIITSL and NSDL have established PAN Service Centers and TIN Facilitation Centers at various places in major cities of India (hereinafter referred to as PAN application centers of UTIITSL/NSDL). Thus, a person wishing to obtain PAN can apply for PAN by submitting the PAN application form (Form 49A/49AA) along with the related documents and prescribed fees at the PAN application center of UTIITSL or NSDL. An online application can also be made from the website of UTIITSL or NSDL. As per Section 139AA, every person who is eligible to obtain Aadhaar is required to quote his Aadhaar number in the PAN application form with effect from 1st day of July, 2017. If any person does not possess the Aadhaar Number but he had applied for the Aadhaar card then he can quote Enrolment ID of Aadhaar application Form.
PAN – LEGAL FRAMEWORK
The legal authority for allotment and use of the new series of PAN is derived from Section 139A of the Income-tax Act, 1961. This section lays down the framework for PAN, e.g, who is required to apply for PAN, who else can apply for PAN, who will allot PAN, transactions where PAN is required to be quoted, use of PAN in TDS certificates and TDS returns, that one person can have only one PAN and the manner of applying for PAN.
The manner of applying for PAN is laid down in Rule 114 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. This rule, amended in 2011, also specifies the copies of documents required to be submitted along with the PAN application (in form 49A or 49AA, as the case may be) as proof of identity and address of the PAN applicant.
Rule 114B lists down the documents in which PAN is required to be quoted while entering into specified transactions/activities. Persons who do not have PAN are exempted from quoting PAN on furnishing a declaration in Form 60. Rule 114C lists the persons to whom section 139A does not apply. These are persons who have agricultural income by furnishing declaration in Form 61, non-residents, and Central Govt./State Govt. and Consular offices, where they are payers.
Penalty of Rs.10,000/- is imposable u/s 272B for failure to comply with the provisions of section 139A.
Linking of PAN with Aadhar Number
As per section 139AA in the Income-tax Act, 1961, it is mandatory for every person, who is eligible to obtain Aadhaar, to quote his Aadhaar number while applying for PAN or furnishing return of income with effect from July 1, 2017.
If any person does not possess the Aadhaar Number but he had applied for the Aadhaar card then he can quote Enrolment ID of Aadhaar application Form in the ITR.
Further, every person who has been allotted PAN as on the 1st day of July, 2017, and who is eligible to obtain Aadhaar number shall intimate his Aadhaar number on or before a date to be notified to the Income-tax Department. In case of failure to intimate the Aadhaar number, PAN allotted to the person shall be made inoperative after the date so notified.
Documents required for Indivual Pan Card
Required Documents for Partnership Firm
The Permanent Account Number (PAN) card, issued by the Income tax Department, is one of the most important documents nowadays. The card was issued in order to prevent tax evasion by individuals and entities as it links all financial transactions made by a particular individual or entity.
Biggest disadvantage would be once you are allotted a PAN, you cannot escape from Income Tax department. If you do transaction frequently without any proof of income then that is to be treated as income of your wife.
You can use a PAN Card to file Income Tax Returns (ITRs) You can also present it as a proof of identity. You may not be able to get a loan in India unless you have a PAN Card. Your credit card application will not be processed in India without having a valid PAN Card.
There are two types of PAN applications: Application for allotment of PAN: This application should be used when the applicant has never applied for a PAN or does not have PAN allotted to him. FORM 49AA: - To be filled by foreign citizens.
PAN Card is required by an NRI, if he/she has got a taxable income in India. According to the new, rule of SEBI, any NRI not having PAN card cannot do the share trading by depository or broker. By now if you have made up your mind and want to apply for Pan card then here is the procedure for you
A PAN card issued in the name of a minor does not contain the minor's photograph or signature, and therefore, cannot be used as a valid proof of identity. Once a minor PAN card holder turns 18, the relevant changes must be made in the PAN records.
A PAN card helps the Income-tax Authority in keeping a track of all financial transactions that may be essential in assessing an individual or companies tax liability, it helps in reducing the chances of tax evasion. ... The PAN number is unique to every entity who holds a PAN card.
Foreign travel – Quoting PAN card is mandatory for any cash payment in connection with foreign travel exceeding Rs 50,000. This rule is applicable for foreign currency purchase also. Credit Card – It is mandatory to mention PAN card number while applying for credit card at any company or bank.
NEW DELHI: The Income Tax department is warning all holders of Permanent Account Number to not share their ten-digit alphanumeric PAN publicly on social media. The tax department says sharing of such personal data can lead to its misuse.